Domestic and foreign Chinese medicinal materials markets and the current status of traditional Chinese medicinal materials cultivation in northern regions
One, Chinese herbal medicine market at home and abroad
The Chinese medicinal materials market in China has been formed since the Song Dynasty, and it has been quite prosperous during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. For example, camphor trees in Jiangxi, Luzhou in Anhui, and Anguo in Hebei have a long history. These traditional Chinese medicinal materials markets declined during the Republic of China during the war. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the country attached great importance to Chinese herbal medicine and its cause, and the Chinese herbal medicine industry began to flourish. The Chinese medicinal materials market really entered a prosperous period after the 1980s. The state approved the establishment of 17 medicinal material trading markets, which has comprehensively promoted the development of Chinese herbal medicine cultivation, processing and the Chinese medicine pharmaceutical industry. The Hong Kong medicinal material market and the South Korean medicinal material market have become the transit ports for the flow of Chinese medicine in China, and most of the medicinal materials flow into the European and American markets after processing.
( A ) Main domestic medicinal materials market
1. Hebei Anguo Traditional Chinese Medicine Specialty Market
Anguo City, Hebei Province is located in the hinterland of Beijing, Tianjin and Shijiazhuang, 200 kilometers north of Beijing, 240 kilometers east of Tianjin, and 110 kilometers south of Shijiazhuang. The unique Anguo pharmaceutical industry originated from Song Dynasty, Xing Yuming, and Sheng Qing. For more than a thousand years, the world's medicinal products have gathered in Qizhou, and mountains and seas have gathered in Qi'an. Especially in 1993, in order to ensure the leading position of Anguo Pharmaceutical in the country, Anguo invested 600 million yuan in a principle of large-scale, high standards and high efficiency, covering 33 hectares with a building area of 600,000 square meters. A modern pharmaceutical economic and cultural center with complete functions, complete equipment and unique characteristics-Oriental Medicine City. Anguo's traditional Chinese medicine transactions are mainly conducted through "Oriental Medicine City". Oriental Medicine City is one of the 17 specialized Chinese medicinal materials markets recognized by the Chinese state. It is owned and operated by the Anguo Municipal Government. It has a market area of 600,000 square meters, divided into two floors, and has more than 2,000 listed varieties with an annual turnover of more than 5 billion yuan. The annual throughput of medicinal materials is 100,000 tons, and the daily trading merchants exceed 10,000. The main sales areas are all over the country and more than 20 countries and regions such as Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and Southeast Asia.
There are many types of drug dealers in Oriental Medicine City. One is the self-employed self-employed local medicinal materials distributors, which are small family-owned merchants who grow their own medicinal materials and sell them themselves. Generally rent a small stall of 1-2 square meters. The second is foreign dealers, which are small in scale. They mainly purchase small quantities of local high-quality medicinal materials from the origin of medicinal materials, such as Inner Mongolia and Ningxia, and sell them to the country through Oriental Medicine City. Generally have relatively fixed procurement channels and sales channels. The third is the point of sale of large merchants. It is the point of sale of some large-scale enterprises. It assumes the function of displaying the variety of medicinal materials. After the customer sees the sample, the small batch is sold locally, and the large batch is issued through an independent store located outside the hall. Goods and transactions. In addition, a boutique trading hall has been set up, which is a relatively independent display and trading hall specifically for local enterprises supported by the government. At present, there is a trading hall for Hebei Qixin Traditional Chinese Medicine Granule Pieces Co., Ltd. (Hong Kong New World Joint Venture). In addition to setting up transactions in Oriental Medicine City, some large distributors and local small and medium-sized Chinese medicine production and processing companies will also sell as independent stores in Anguo City. These stores generally adopt the business model of front store and back factory, and the land for the factory building and shop is transferred by the government according to the industrial site.
At present, Anguo vigorously develops Chinese medicinal materials processing and drug development, and the pharmaceutical industry is advancing to a deeper and broader field. A large number of Chinese medicinal materials, medicinal wines, teas, and pillows have been developed.
2. Brief Introduction to Anhui Yinzhou Medicine Market
Anhui Yinzhou Chinese Medicinal Materials Trading Center is currently the largest professional market for Chinese herbal medicines in the country. The center is located in the national historic city-Luzhou Provincial Economic Development Zone in Anhui Province. The Beijing-Kowloon Railway, National Highway 105 and National Highway 311 cross from the side, and the traffic is very convenient. The center occupies an area of 26.7 hectares and already has 1,000 Chinese medicinal materials shops; 32,000 square meters of trading halls have more than 6,000 stalls for business operations; a magnificent modern office building with a building area of more than 7,000 square meters and a Chinese medicine capital The investment shares include the company's office, a large screen quotation system, a trading hall television monitoring system, a testing center for Chinese medicinal materials, and a boutique supermarket for seed medicinal materials. Since the opening of the trading center, trading has been prosperous and lively. At present, the daily listing volume of Chinese medicinal materials is 6,000 tons, more than 2,600 species are listed, and the daily passenger flow is about 50,000 to 60,000. The turnover of Chinese medicinal materials is 10 billion yuan, and the tax paid by the country is 43 million yuan. . China Yinzhou Chinese Medicinal Materials Trading Center has been named "National Civilized Market" by the State Administration for Industry and Commerce for five consecutive years, and has been listed as "Top Ten Key Markets in Anhui Province" and "Top 50 Agricultural Industrialization Enterprises in Anhui". The formation of the Chinese herbal medicine trading center in Luzhou, China has greatly promoted and promoted the adjustment of the planting structure in rural areas and the development of industrialization in Luzhou. At present, there are about 40,000 hectares of land in the rural area of Quzhou for the cultivation of Chinese medicinal materials, and 500,000 people are engaged in the cultivation, processing, operation and related tertiary industries of Chinese medicinal materials. At the same time, taking the trading center as a leader, it has promoted the rapid development of Chuzhou's transportation, tourism, communications, information industry and municipal construction.
3. Brief introduction of Guangzhou Qingping Medicine City
Guangzhou Qingping is a pharmaceutical market and one of the important medicinal material trading markets in the south of China. It is a place where both domestic and foreign drug dealers gather, and it is an important place for the import and export of Chinese medicinal materials. After the reconstruction of the southern section of Qingping Medicine City in Guangzhou, a new medicinal material management building, a European-style building, was built on the first and second floors. There are elevators and walking stairs that can be traded on the second floor. The first floor is all high-end nourishing medicinal materials trading markets, which are prosperous throughout the year. New markets gradually have their own legal signs and anonymous stalls gradually disappear. Direct sales signboards for individual medicinal materials nationwide, such as spring amomum, Tianqi, sunny sunflower, Henan yam, wolfberry, gastrodia, snow clam cake, Jilin red ginseng, American ginseng, Korean ginseng and other authentic and famous brand health care There are a lot of nourishing brands, and domestic and foreign merchants gather to purchase. Most of the medicinal materials manufacturers in Hong Kong and Southeast Asia purchase Chinese medicinal materials directly in Guangzhou, and the licorice and astragalus purchased each year are more than 1,000 tons.
4. Brief introduction to the professional market of traditional Chinese medicinal materials in Longfeng, Wenxi , Gansu
The Chinese medicinal materials industry is one of the top ten science and technology projects developed and implemented during the "Ninth Five-Year Plan" period in Longxi County, and it is also the largest industry in the four pillar industries of the county. The main varieties are Codonopsis, Red Astragalus, Fangfeng, Banlangen, Bupleurum, Rhubarb, Habitat, Angelica, etc. The county's medicinal planting area reaches 86,400 mu, and the total output of Chinese medicinal materials is 30,240 tons. There are 1,440 medicinal material processing plants (points) represented by flying medicinal material processing plants and Muslim Chinese medicinal material processing plants, and 680 large families of medicinal materials are trafficked; Wenfeng and Shouyang are two major Chinese medicinal material markets, and Wenfeng, one of the top ten pharmaceutical cities in China The Chinese medicinal materials market integrates wholesale, warehousing, sales and marketing, and connects domestic and international markets. The Shouyang Chinese medicinal materials market has become a barometer of the prices of Chinese medicinal materials in the Northwest. The amount reached 840 million yuan.
Longxi Wenfeng Chinese Medicinal Materials Market is the largest medicinal material distribution market in Northwest China and one of the ten largest medicinal materials markets in the country. Known as the "Northwest Medicine Capital", it can handle more than 100,000 tons of various types of medicinal materials with an annual turnover of 100,000 tons, with a turnover of 450 million yuan, 75% of Angelica sinensis, 50% Codonopsis, 30% Astragalus, 60% Rhubarb and high-quality isatis root, Bupleurum, cumin, woody scent, red astragalus, silver Bupleurum, almond, salvia, Huangling, red scallion, licorice, plum kernel, keel, earth bone skin, big kidney, pig 48 varieties such as Ling Ling, Epimedium, Luhancao, Dandelion, Yinchen, Qinhuo, Cimicifuga, Cimicifuga are distributed throughout the country by this market. Every year there are Xianggui, Bergamot, Baitiao, Wendang, large almonds, loquat Fifty varieties including Fritillaria, Pinellia ternate, and American ginseng, and 6 wild vegetable varieties such as bracken, weed, stone cauliflower, oolong head, and chicory, totaling more than 5,000 tons. Taiwan, Southeast Asian countries and around the world. Wenfeng Economic and Technological Development Zone enjoys all preferential policies of provincial-level development zones and provincial-level township enterprise demonstration zones, and offers preferential treatment in industrial and commercial management, land use, tax collection and management, and management autonomy. At the same time, the development zone plans to set up a 200-mu Chinese herbal medicine processing park, which has completed its planning tasks, and invites domestic and foreign large groups, large enterprises, colleges and universities to invest, do business, and set up factories in the development zone. Brief Introduction of Shouyang Chinese Medicinal Materials Market Located in Shouyang Town, West Gate of Longxi County, it is the largest distribution center for Codonopsis in the country. It has superior natural conditions, sufficient power, and convenient transportation. It is 21 kilometers away from the county seat and passes by National Highway 316. Shouyang Town has a long history of planting Chinese medicinal materials and high quality products, and has now formed a new pattern of "market with bases, bases with farmers". There are more than 10 kinds of Chinese medicinal materials planted, such as Codonopsis, Astragalus and Hongqi, with a planting area of 30,000 mu and a total output value of more than 4 million yuan. The Shouyang Chinese medicinal materials market with an investment of 15 million yuan covers an area of 68 acres and a total construction area of 19,700 square meters. It is a large Chinese medicinal material distribution center in the northwest, with an annual transaction volume of 35,000 tons and an annual turnover of 350 million yuan. In the market, there are more than 1,000 customers from 8 provinces and cities including Sichuan, Hubei, and Guangdong. Shouyang Chinese herbal medicines are mainly sold to provinces and cities on the southeast coast of China and Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, Canada, South Africa and other countries and regions.
5. The professional market of Chinese herbal medicines in the lotus pond in Chengdu, Sichuan
Chengdu Hehuachi Chinese Herbal Medicine Specialty Market is a combination of the Hehuachi Herbal Medicine Trading Zone and the Five Stone Chinese Herbal Medicine Market. It is a Chinese medicine designated by the Ministry of Health, the National Medicine Bureau, the National Bureau of Traditional Chinese Medicine and the State Administration for Industry and Commerce. Professional market. Sichuan is rich in Chinese medicinal materials and is one of the main producing areas of Chinese medicinal materials in the country. Sichuan-made medicinal materials have the characteristics of many varieties, wide distribution, large reserves, and both North and South. Among the more than 600 commonly used Chinese medicines, Sichuan-made medicinal materials account for more than 370. Therefore, since ancient times, there have been sayings that "there are nine blessings in the world, and the number of medicines is the number of xishu."
Chengdu is a famous historical and cultural city in China with a splendid history of Chinese medicine. According to historical records, there was a drug market in Chengdu in the Tang Dynasty, and it was very prosperous. Since the reform and opening up, a large number of Sichuan-made medicinal materials have been collected in Chengdu, sold to the whole country, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan and Southeast Asian countries. The Chengdu Hehuachi Chinese medicinal materials specialty market has become a large-scale specialized Chinese medicinal materials specialty market. The Chengdu Hehuachi Chinese Herbal Medicine Specialty Market is located in the Hehuachi Processing Trade Zone and covers a total area of 450 acres. The Chinese medicinal materials trading area occupies nearly 80 acres and has more than 3,500 business rooms and booths. There are more than 1,800 kinds of Chinese medicinal materials operating in the market, including more than 1,300 kinds of Sichuan medicine, and the annual turnover can reach about 200,000 tons. The market trading hall is magnificent, spacious and bright; the market roads are smooth and the parking is convenient; the market has postal, telecommunications, banks, warehouses, agency transportation, loading and unloading, catering and other ancillary services; industrial and commercial, health and drug inspection, animal and plant quarantine departments on-site supervision and management , Sound system, quality assurance, high credibility. The professional market of Chinese herbal medicines in Chengdu Hehuachi will continue to move forward in the direction of greater prosperity and modernization.
6. Jiangxi Camphor Medicine Specialty Market
Cinnamomum camphor is known as the "Medical Capital of South China". It has been named "Southern Zhangzhang North" in history. It is as famous as Anguo in Hebei. It has been a distribution center for Chinese medicinal materials since ancient times. Good reputation. The pharmaceutical industry began in the Han and Jin Dynasties, flourished in the Tang and Song dynasties, and flourished in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. There were no drug stalls in the Three Kingdoms. It was established as a drug market in the Tang Dynasty, and a drug market was formed in the Song Dynasty. Since the 1950s, camphor medicine has been resurrected. Every autumn, thousands of colleagues in the pharmaceutical industry gather at camphor and hold a grand national medicinal material trade fair. By 1998, it had successfully held 29 sessions, with more than 20,000 delegates attending the conference each year, with a maximum of 30,000 delegates, trading over 2,500 kinds of medicinal materials, and a turnover of more than 1.8 billion yuan. The top of the drug market. There are more than 800 kinds of medicinal materials on the camphor tree. Among them, the medicinal materials such as Shangzhou clam shell and tangerine peel have been listed as tribute and entered the inner court of the palace. At present, the city has developed and formed a number of Chinese medicinal material planting bases, including husk shells, yellow raccoon seeds, eucommia ulmoides, ginkgo, etc., covering an area of more than 70,000 acres, and the products are selling well in Southeast Asian countries.
The camphor Chinese medicinal materials specialty market is one of the first batch of 17 Chinese medicinal materials specialized markets approved by the country, and has begun to take shape. The market occupies 41,700 square meters, with a building area of 300,90 square meters. There are 560 stores of Chinese medicinal materials, and a storage area of 7,880 square meters. It can accommodate 12,000 people for simultaneous transactions. The drug dealers operating on the site come from all over the country and employ more than 1,200 people. , Covering 21 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities across the country, with an annual turnover of more than 100 million yuan.
7. Brief introduction of Guangxi Yulin Traditional Chinese Medicine Market
Guangxi Yulin Traditional Chinese Medicine Specialty Market is established in Yulin, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. It has convenient transportation, a prosperous market, and a developed economy. It has abundant real estate Chinese herbal medicine resources. Such as Panax notoginseng, Morinda officinale, Dendrobium, Ginkgo biloba leaves, Cotoneaster, etc. Yulin is known as the "Lingnan Metropolis", and the wild medicinal materials in the mountain area are extremely rich. The pharmaceutical city has established a strategic policy of "based on Yulin, facing Guangxi, and radiating the whole country." The Yulin Municipal Government attaches great importance to the construction of the Yulin medicinal materials market. A quality inspection agency and a fair scale have been set up on the site, equipped with advanced testing equipment and personnel to ensure the quality of medicinal materials in Yulin. The Yulin medicinal material market is one of the first batch of professional medicinal material markets approved by the country. It is an important medicinal material distribution center in southern China and occupies a very important position in the production of medicinal materials in China.
8. Brief Introduction to the Kunming Juyuan Garden Medicinal Materials Specialty Market in Yunnan
Kunming Juhuayuan Chinese Herbal Medicine Specialty Market is one of the 17 government-approved Chinese herbal medicine specialty markets approved by the State Council and the first three bureaus (Ministry of Health, National Pharmaceutical Administration, National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and State Administration for Industry and Commerce). One. There are more than 200 merchants operating in the market, operating nearly 4,000 varieties of Chinese medicinal materials, and an annual transaction value of nearly 500 million yuan. More than 80% of the province's supply of Chinese medicinal materials comes from the professional market of Chinese herbal medicines in Juhua Garden. As the only professional Chinese medicinal material market recognized by the government in Yunnan Province, government departments at all levels such as industry and commerce, drug supervision, health, and taxation attach great importance to market management. There are Guandu District Industrial and Commercial Bureau Juhuayuan Industrial and Commercial Branch Bureau and Guandu District Taxation. Bureau Ju Ju Garden Taxation Point. Since the establishment of the market, under the management and guidance of higher authorities, the market has been developing steadily along the direction of professionalization and standardization. Due to the outstanding performance of the Juhua Garden Chinese herbal medicine professional market, the market was awarded the honorary title of the first “Integrity Market” in the province, and was the first to be the first unit in Yunnan Province and the only Chinese herbal medicine professional market to implement the advance compensation system. . The professional market for Chinese herbal medicines in Ju Garden has become an important window for developing green industries in Yunnan Province.
( Two ) Domestic secondary medicinal materials market
9. Brief Introduction to Hubei Yinzhou Traditional Chinese Medicine Market
Hubei Yinzhou Traditional Chinese Medicine Market is located in the hometown of Li Shizhen, a great Chinese medicine scientist in the Ming Dynasty, Yinzhou Town, Hubei. In 1997, after being approved by the State Administration for Industry and Commerce, the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and the Ministry of Health, it was listed as one of the 17 Chinese herbal medicine markets in the country, becoming the only state-level professional market for Chinese herbal medicines in Hubei and an ideal place to engage in medicinal materials trading.
According to the history book, Luzhou Medicine City started in Song Dynasty, Sheng Yuming, and has a long history. It is known in Kyushu. In 1991, after Hunchun County Party Committee and county government established the strategy of “rejuvenating the county with medicine”, they took the opportunity of holding a medical festival to build a large city of medicine, and continuously improved the market facilities and scale of operations. At present, the market covers an area of 6.8 hectares, with a total construction area of 2,500 meters. The main building is a large-scale standard sports stadium combined with sports and trade. It is divided into eight areas. The main building has 4 floors and the business building has 2 floors. There are 310 large and small business halls in the complex, which can accommodate 10,000 people in transactions. The water circuit and greening facilities have been achieved on the site, the Pharmaceutical City Management Committee has been established, a series of preferential business policies have been formulated, and a one-stop service has been implemented outside the window. Established a medicinal materials information center, and realized information networking with major Chinese medicinal materials markets across the country.
10. Lanzhou Huanghe Medicinal Materials Market
Gansu is the main passageway of the ancient Silk Road and the New Eurasian Continental Bridge. As the northwest transportation hub, the provincial capital Lanzhou is backed by Ningqing, New Tibet and Mongolia, facing Sichuan, Shaanxi, Jinyu and Hebei. "There are resources in the west and markets in the east." The development of trade in Chinese medicinal materials has unparalleled geographical advantages elsewhere.
In 1996, with the support of the relevant departments of Gansu Province and City, the "Yellow River Pharmaceutical City" established by Huanghe Industry Development Co., Ltd. in 1993 was finally approved by the State Council as Gan Qingning's new and only specialized Chinese medicinal materials market. The "Yellow River Medicine City" integrates all aspects of production, marketing and deep processing of Chinese medicinal materials in Gansu Province, and has become one of the 10 regional wholesale markets in Lanzhou Northwest Business Center. In 1998, various economic indicators were included in the top 10 markets in Lanzhou, which changed the business development pattern of Lanzhou's old "but not the Yellow River."
From the very beginning of the establishment of the Yellow River Chinese herbal medicine professional market, that is, holding the hands of national and international trade, grasping the cultivation bases and taking the road of high-quality and internationalization. At the beginning of the establishment of the "Yellow River Pharmaceutical City", it attracted more than 180 drug dealers from more than 20 provinces and cities, and more than 1,100 varieties of Chinese medicinal materials were listed on the market. In 2000, the pharmaceutical market had a turnover of more than 200 million yuan, and realized a profit and tax of 15 million yuan. In September 2001, the "Yellow River Pharmaceutical City" successfully held the "First Western China Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Materials Fair". The exhibitors involved 21 provinces and cities across the country and more than 200 domestic enterprises. There were well-known pharmaceutical companies from Singapore, the United States, Germany and other countries. Mainland agents participated in the exhibition and signed more than 200 cooperation projects with a total value of 1.2 billion yuan; exhibitors signed more than 500 contracts for goods with a total value of 1.5 billion yuan. The total turnover of the Pharmacy Fair reached 2.8 billion yuan, which greatly improved the operating level of the Yellow River market, and greatly enhanced the intangible assets such as corporate brand and image of the Yellow River market.
As the market prospects continue to be promising, Huanghe Industrial Development Co., Ltd. invested 130 million yuan in 2001 and has built a 120-acre Yellow River International Exhibition Center in the middle of the Lanzhou Yellow River Customs Line, west of the original Yellow River market. The center has a total construction area of 45,000 square meters and is composed of four major venues, a large hotel and more than 10,000 square meters of the Yellow River Cultural Plaza. The new drug market is in line with international standards in terms of design, construction, and materials used in the stores. The latest construction technology and new materials are used to further expand the scale.
11. Specialized Chinese medicinal materials market in Harbin , Heilongjiang Province
Harbin Sankeshu Traditional Chinese Medicine Market is invested and built by Heilongjiang Qitai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. It is one of the 17 specialized Chinese medicine market in the country approved by the state, and it is also the only specialized market for traditional Chinese medicine in three provinces and one region of Northeast China. Construction and development has become a distribution center for Chinese medicinal materials in northern China.
The relocated and expanded Chinese herbal medicine specialty market is located at No. 485 Nanzhi Road, Taiping District, Harbin. The new market building is designed according to modern scale and modern market, with more reasonable layout and more convenient transportation. It faces the Hartong Expressway in the east and faces the newly opened Second Ring Expressway. It is adjacent to the Sankeshu Railway Station and Harbin Port Authority. The traffic is convenient and convenient. Covers an area of 100,000 square meters. The construction area of the market is more than 23,000 square meters, with a total of four floors that can accommodate business households, which has increased from more than a hundred households to nearly a thousand. There are Chinese herbal medicine cultivation research centers, e-commerce network centers, quality inspection centers, storage centers, business services, banks, etc. Supporting institutions and facilities, as well as a quality inspection and scientific research center building, are also used for the quality inspection of market medicinal materials and the in-depth development of local medicinal materials, forming a market with complete facilities and complete functions, reaching first-class domestic markets from scale to facilities. Level. Any enterprise legal person or individual business that intends to operate Chinese medicinal materials, foreign Chinese medicinal material operators and real estate medicinal material growers can enter the hall with valid certificates.
12. Henan Yuzhou Traditional Chinese Medicine Market
Yuzhou Chinese Medicine City in Henan is a large-scale professional market for multi-functional modern Chinese medicinal materials covering an area of 20 hectares, with an investment of over 100 million yuan, and can accommodate more than 5,000 merchants. His construction and putting into use will inevitably inject a strong impetus into the take-off of Yuzhou Pharmaceuticals, making Yuzhou Pharmaceuticals once again attract the attention of the world and become a new growth point that will drive the city's economic development. The legend "Yuzhou is not fragrant without medicine, and the medicine is not good without medicine" is a legend that reflects the prosperity and influence of Yuzhou medicine from one aspect. Since the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, the sacred doctor Bian Kui, the medical doctor Zhang Zhongjing, and the medicine king Sun Sizhen have all come to Yu to collect medicine and write a book. After the death of the medicine king, Sun Simiao was buried on the south slope of the Sanfeng Mountain and always "settled" in Yuzhou, adding a lot of spirituality to the status of the medicine capital of Yuzhou. Since the Tang Dynasty, there has been a medicine market in Yuzhou. By the early Ming Dynasty, it had become one of the four major medicinal materials distribution centers in the country. The Qianlong period reached its heyday. Eighty-nine percent of the residents were mainly operated by medicinal materials. They can be described as medicinal herbs, smelling medicines everywhere. By the end of the Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic, they were gradually depressed. After the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party, Yuzhou Medicine Market began to recover again, and quickly developed to more than 200. As of October 1, 1990, the Yuzhou Chinese Herbal Medicine Wholesale Market was established and put into use, and Yuzhou has ranked among the top ten medicinal material centers in the country. In 1996, Yuzhou City's professional market for Chinese medicinal materials was approved by the First Bureau and the Third National Bureau of the People's Republic of China. It won the only national designated medicinal material market for Henan Province and became one of the 17 designated medicinal markets in the country. As of now, there are more than 300 drug dealers in the city, with more than 2,000 employees, more than 600 listed varieties, annual turnover of 200 to 300 million yuan, and annual taxes and fees up to 1.2 million yuan. In order to facilitate the management, Yuzhou City has also set up a Chinese herbal medicine market management committee to carry out overall management of the drug market. At present, with the development of the socialist market economy, the scale of the original drug market has been unable to meet the needs of the development of the pharmaceutical industry, and there has been a decline in the operation of the drug market. Therefore, it is urgent to expand a new medicinal material market with larger scale, more complete facilities, and better management. The "China Pharmaceutical City" project has entered the actual operation stage.
13. Introduction to the professional market of Chinese herbal medicines in Shunwangcheng , Tancheng , Shandong
According to "Zhengzhou Chronicle" records that "Shun was born in Yaoxu, surnamed Yao, Genglishan, Yuleize, and Taohebin". . The Chinese herbal medicine market in Shunwangcheng, Tancheng, China has spontaneously formed since the 1960s, and now has a history of more than 30 years. Since the reform and opening up, Tancheng County Party Committee, county government, and relevant departments have taken advantage of the situation to strengthen management and make it gradually prosperous. In 1996, it successfully passed the inspection and acceptance of the Second Ministry, the Third Bureau, and was officially allowed to open, becoming one of only 17 large-scale Chinese medicinal materials markets in the country and the only professional medicinal materials market in Shandong Province.
The market covers an area of 66,000 square meters. Among them, the trading shed area is 4000m2, the business store area is 4100m2, and the warehouse area is 1600m2. It can hold more than 2,000 fixed pushers at the same time. More than 400 newly-built commercial houses were open for rent.
At present, there are more than 1,000 varieties of Chinese medicinal materials listed on the market each day, with more than 200,000 kilograms, with an average daily turnover of more than 1.3 million. Customers from more than 20 provinces and cities across the country and Korea, Vietnam, Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan and other countries and regions often come to trade here.
The new county party committee and county government rely on the market to vigorously develop the production of Chinese medicinal materials. At present, the county has 7 large-scale Chinese medicinal material production bases, with an area of more than 100,000 acres, more than 100 varieties of production, and an annual output of 25 million kilograms of various Chinese medicinal materials. Some high-quality real estate Chinese medicinal materials such as tannin, paeonia lactiflora, paeonia lactiflora, isatis root, grass safflower, astragalus, pinellia, habitat, trichosanthin, bellflower, etc. are famous at home and abroad.
14. Hunan Shaodong Lianqiao Medicinal Materials Market
Lianqiao Medicinal Materials Market is located in Lianqiao Town, Shaodong County, Hunan Province. In 1995, it passed the first batch of inspections of the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Agriculture, the State Administration of Medicine, the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and the State Administration for Industry and Commerce. It is one of the top ten medicinal materials markets in the country. "County". Lianqiao is a typical hilly landform in the south of the Yangtze River. The land is fertile and the rainfall is abundant. The people have collected more than 200 species of medicinal materials since ancient times. . Lianqiao Medicine City originated from Sui and Tang Dynasties. According to legend, during the Three Kingdoms period, Guan Yunchang's knife wound medicine was collected here. After that, on the 28th day of the lunar calendar every year, the local "King of Medicine" will be held to pray for a good harvest of "mountain goods". Since the reform and opening up, the Shaodong County Party Committee and County Government have taken advantage of the situation to vigorously develop the production of Chinese medicinal materials and cultivate the market, so that the traditional traditional medicinal materials market has developed into a modern large-scale professional market with a national reputation. There are more than 800 state-owned, collective, and individual medicinal materials stacks and companies in the drug city, with a business area of 13,340 square meters, and more than 1,000 varieties of products. In recent years, the annual turnover has exceeded 1 billion yuan, and more than 8 million yuan in state taxes have been paid annually. With its unique advantages of traditional operation, the Lianqiao Medicinal Materials Market is in a good position with the right time, location, and harmony. Every day, businessmen gather and there is a scene of prosperity. Posts and telecommunications, water, electricity, transportation, catering, accommodation and other infrastructure services are readily available in the market. Departments of industry and commerce, medicine, health drug inspection, public security and other departments are on-site supervision and management. The system is complete, the quality is reliable, and the order is orderly. The Lianqiao Traditional Chinese Medicine Specialty Market will move towards a more prosperous and more modern direction in the future.
15. Introduction to the Chinese herbal medicine market in Huayang, Yueyang, Hunan
The Huabanqiao Traditional Chinese Medicine Specialty Market in Yueyang City, Hunan Province, was established in August 1992, and is one of the eight national professional markets for traditional Chinese medicinal materials. The market is located at the intersection of Huabanqiao Road, Jincheng Road, and Donghuan Road in Yueyang District, Yueyang City. It is 5 kilometers away from National Road 107, 2 kilometers from the railway station, and 8 kilometers from Chenglingji Outer Pier. The traffic is very convenient. The market occupies an area of 8.2 hectares, with a planned investment of 160 million yuan. Now it has invested 58 million yuan, completed a construction area of 55,000 square meters, completed closed facades, warehouses, residences, more than 2,000 units (rooms), and improved schools, banks, and hospitals. , Post and telecommunications facilities. The market currently has more than 480 business households from more than 20 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities across the country, with an annual turnover of nearly 300 million yuan. Huabanqiao Traditional Chinese Medicine Market is one of the key markets in Hunan Province. In 1998, the Yueyang Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government included the construction of this market as one of the eight major events in the city, and decided to further expand and improve it. Expansion area of 80,000 square meters, mainly to build facades, houses, decoction processing plants, etc. The expansion project will be completed within the 20th century. By then, the market can accommodate 1,500 merchants, with an annual turnover of more than 800 million yuan.
16. Brief Introduction to Guangzhou Puning Traditional Chinese Medicine Market
Puning City is located on the western edge of Chaoshan Plain in Guangdong Province. It is a transportation hub of Fujian, Guangdong and Jiangxi highways, with an area of 1,620 square kilometers and a population of 1.6 million. It is an important pharmaceutical distribution center along China's coast. Puning is home to more than 1.2 million overseas Chinese, and is the hometown of Qinghai, Banana, and Qinglan in China. Its top ten professional markets are well-known throughout the country, with thousands of merchants and direct freight lines reaching more than 120 cities across the country.
Puning Traditional Chinese Medicine Specialty Market is an important part of the city's top ten professional markets. It has a long history. As early as the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it was one of the important drug markets in eastern Guangdong. The mountain area accounts for 67% of the city's area. The mountains and rivers in the country are interlaced, the climate is mild, the rainfall is abundant, and there are good ecological conditions. Various important resources are abundant. There are more than 400 wild medicinal materials in the mountain areas around Huangsha and Meilin, especially Chenpi, Morinda, The varieties of mandshurica, Qiange, ume, and yam are famous local products, which form the medicine base of Puning. At the same time, Puning is also a distribution center for foreign medicinal products. At present, the market has an average of more than 700 varieties listed on the market each day, and its sales have spread to 18 provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities, and Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions nationwide, and are exported to Japan, South Korea, Southeast Asia, North America and other countries and regions. In July 1996, Puning Chinese Medicinal Materials Market was identified as one of the national designated Chinese herbal medicine professional markets. It is a traditional Chinese medicinal material distribution center based on production bases, and is an important window for Southern Medicine to enter the country and the world.
17. Chongqing Jiefang Road Traditional Chinese Medicine Market
Chongqing Traditional Chinese Medicine Specialty Market is invested and built by Chongqing Traditional Chinese Medicine Company. It is located in the middle section of the Changnan Arterial Road along the Yangtze River in the main urban area of Chongqing-88 Jiefang West Road, Yuzhong District. It is 2 kilometers away from Chongqing Port in the east, 1.5 kilometers away from Chongqing Railway Station and Bus Station in the west, and 1 kilometers away from Jiefangbei, the city's most prosperous commercial downtown in the north.
The predecessor of the Chongqing Traditional Chinese Medicine Specialty Market was the merger of the Traditional Chinese Medicine Market of the Chuzimen Yangziba Traditional Chinese Medicine Market and the Chaotianmen Comprehensive Trading Market in Yuzhong District. Due to the small space and small scale, the market development has been seriously affected. At the end of 1993, under the unified planning of Chongqing Yuzhong District Government, the market moved to its current location. It officially opened on January 28, 1994. It is one of the first eight Chinese herbal medicine specialty markets approved by the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the Ministry of Health, and the State Administration for Industry and Commerce on July 6, 1996 in conjunction with the National Medicine Health (1996) No. 29 document.
Since ancient times, Chongqing has been a place of medicinal materials in Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou and Shaanxi provinces, and it is a traditional medicinal material distribution center in southwest China. Before the founding of the People's Republic of China, there were a lot of medicinal materials here (formerly Ba Yao City), and merchants gathered. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, Chongqing Medicinal Materials Company and Chongqing Chinese Medicinal Materials Acquisition and Supply Station are well-known professional large-scale Chinese herbal medicine companies nationwide. They bear the heavy responsibility of distributing and supplying medicinal materials in the eastern Sichuan and even the southwest. The establishment of the Chongqing Traditional Chinese Medicine Specialty Market will surely make this traditional Chinese medicine distribution center play a greater role.
The characteristics of many varieties and large output for a long time have made Chongqing an inland city with abundant resources and obvious advantages. According to the information on the popularization of Chinese medicinal materials, among the 349 medicinal materials listed in the national resource census, only the resources in the former Chongqing area (excluding the original Wan, Qiang and Qian regions) have reached 278, accounting for the national resource census. 79.65%. At present, the city has a number of long-standing, authentic products, high-quality characteristics. Among them, 9 varieties including Coptis chinensis, Gardenia jasminoides, Yunmuxiang, Xuanshen, Danpi, Pinellia, Eucommia, Fritillaria (Fengjie Fritillaria), etc., 13 districts and counties including Wanzhou, Shizhu, Fengjie have been included The Pharmaceutical Administration Bureau was included in the “National Key Varieties and Key Places and Real Estate Areas”. In addition, famous products such as cork, sage gentleman, coix seed, papaya, bergamot, firewood, honeysuckle, Coptis chinensis are also in a stable and favorable development situation, with great development potential and space. In addition, Chongqing also has scientific research institutions such as the Chongqing Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine (formerly Sichuan Provincial Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine) and the only National Institute of Medicinal Planting.
The Chongqing Traditional Chinese Medicine Specialty Market covers an area of 2500 square meters and is a large-scale indoor trading market with 6 floors, with a construction area of more than 10,000 square meters. The stalls in the market are separated by aluminum alloy grids, and the shutter doors are locked. There are a total of 400 booths and 40 sets of writing rooms. There is also a parking lot of 500 square meters, and vehicles can enter the market directly. There are also supporting service facilities such as post and telecommunications, banking, catering, public stations, etc., which can meet the needs of business users and business operations, and is an ideal Chinese medicinal materials trading market for business customers.
18.Introduction to the professional market of Chinese medicinal materials on Wanshou Road , Xi'an , Shaanxi
Xi'an Wholesale Medicine Market is located at Wanshou North Road, Dongdaemun, Xi'an Expressway, next to Xi'an Railway Container Station. Over the years, with its superior geographical location, warm and thoughtful service, and flexible business methods, it has attracted a large number of foreign merchants and became a well-known medicinal material distribution center in the country.
Guanzhong is an important hair sample for the Chinese nation and an important hair sample for Chinese medicine. From the eleventh century BC, the Western Zhou Dynasty of the slave society, the Qin, Western Han, Eastern Han (last year), Xinmang, Western Jin (last year), former Zhao, former Qin, post-Qin, Western Wei, Northern Zhou, Sui, Tang, etc. Thirteen dynasties established capital in Xi'an, which lasted for many years. As a long-term political, economic, and cultural center of the country, commercial activities of traditional Chinese medicine have risen, especially Xi'an has a long and prosperous life.
Before liberation, Xi'an has always been an important medicinal material distribution center in China. Xi'an Dongguan medicinal material stores and shops are crowded with a large number of distributors. A large number of Chinese medicinal materials are continuously sold to the northwest, northeast, north China and overseas.
In the early 1980s, a small amount of picking medicinal materials were purchased and sold in the former East Tianqiao Farmers Market, and farmers have since sold medicinal materials such as Angelica, Codonopsis, Gastrodia, and Atractylodes. By the end of 1983, the market had developed rapidly and transactions had increased dramatically, and the original venues on the market could no longer accommodate merchants. In May 1984, the Dongtianqiao Farmers Market moved to Kangfu Road, and more than 40 individual stalls buying and selling Chinese medicine trees also moved to it. With the implementation of the policies of reform, opening up, and revitalization, except for licorice root, eucommia ulmoides, musk, and magnolia, the prices of other varieties of Chinese medicinal materials have been liberalized, and the prices have been changed accordingly.
By the early 1990s, due to the rapid development of the Kangfu Road medicinal materials market, the scale was getting larger and larger. In order to meet the needs, the state relocated the drug market to Wanshou Road. The market was built in December 1991. Floor area 14591m 2 There are more than 500 fixed and temporary booths, more than 600 varieties of market operations, and daily turnover of more than 500,000 yuan.
Now, the Xi'an medicinal material market has developed into a new medicinal material with a business area of 450,000 M 2 and a fixed and temporary push of more than 1,500. The market operates more than 1,600 varieties of products with a daily turnover of more than 1.5 million yuan. market. Its sales cover Xinjiang, Gansu, Lanzhou, Qinghai, Ningxia and surrounding cities and counties.
( Three ) Traditional and authentic medicinal materials producing areas without a market
There are also some seasonal real estate medicinal materials markets that have not been approved by the state. There are about 100 in the country. The representative ones are listed below.
1. The main wild medicinal materials produced in Hancheng, Shaanxi are mainly forsythia, Schisandra chinensis, Atractylodes macrocephala, Chaihu, Huai honey, Xifengfeng, Zhuling, wild Scutellaria baicalensis, almond and peach kernel. The main kinds of medicinal materials include Scutellaria baicalensis, Bupleurum chinense, powder tannin, and habitat.
2. Danling, the main real estate material in Tongling, Anhui , has established the Peony Bark Association and Fengdan Chamber of Commerce, and has conducted quality standard training and various publicity for growers to vigorously promote the development of the Danpi industry.
3. Jilin Jingyu's main medicinal materials are ginseng, American ginseng, Schisandra chinensis, Fritillaria and Asarum.
4.Shangluo, Shaanxi The main medicinal materials are bellflower, bupleurum, mandrill, and tannin. Among them, tanhyl has reduced planting due to low prices.
5. The production of Bupleurum chinensis from Baiquan family in Huixian County, Henan is high, in addition there are hawthorn slices, scutellaria baicalensis, Caucasus.
6. Yunnan Ruili Real Estate's medicinal materials include Xianmao, Hexiuzi, Vitex negundo, etc., and the import volume of Amomum villosum is large.
7. The wild calamus resources of Dabie Mountain in Anhui Province are relatively abundant, but the annual shipments are gradually decreasing after mining.
8. Inner Mongolia Niuyingzi Platycodon grandiflorum and North American ginseng have larger output.
9 , Hubei Enshi Baizhu is the main real estate medicinal material in Enshi, with annual shipments of several hundred tons.
10. The medicinal materials of Minqin Real Estate in Gansu are mainly cumin, licorice, grass fruit, white pepper, etc. Among them, the production of cumin has been severely reduced this year.
11. The main medicinal material produced in Xiangfen, Shanxi is a habitat , and production has been reduced in recent years.
12. The main medicinal materials produced in Wanning, Hainan are white pepper and dogwood. Evodia has increased in recent years.
13. Guangxi Gulong Star Anise, Ganoderma Lucidum, Cardamom, Guiyujin, etc. are local real estate medicines.
14. Xinjiang Jimusar Safflower and Cistanche are the main local real estate medicinal materials, and their production and sales are very large.
15. Wild Atractylodes resources in Ningcheng, Inner Mongolia are abundant.
16. The amount of artificial cultivation of Pseudostellaria heterophylla in Xuanzhou, Anhui, is relatively large, and prices have increased in recent years.
17. The medicinal materials of Sichuan Aoping Real Estate are mainly Chuanxiong and Lingzi, among which artificial cultivation of Chuanxiong accounts for about 70%.
18. Yield of Qingqiao in Xia County, Shanxi Province is large.
19. Fujian Tuorong Real Estate's medicinal material, Pseudostellaria heterophylla, has a large output, and this year's output will increase by 20 ~ 30%.
20 , Mianyang, Sichuan winter wheat production is large, but the profit margin of business households is low.
21 , Xixia, Henan Dogwood and west odorless are the main medicinal materials, but prices have risen due to the decline in output this year.
22 , Yunnan Banna real estate medicinal materials are mainly yangchun sand, the output has decreased in recent years.
23.Jiuquan , Gansu The main medicinal materials are licorice, cumin, safflower, etc. Among them, the supply of licorice has decreased in recent years, and the price has increased.
24. The main medicinal materials produced in Zhaoqing, Guangdong are bergamot and Morinda officinalis. Among them, Morinda officinalis' wild resources are increasingly scarce, but there are fewer artificial cultivations and yields have decreased.
25. Dangyang Maoqianhu, Dabaibu, wild prunella, and August jade are the main medicinal materials produced in Hubei . In addition, the source of 蜈蚣 is rich.
( Four ) Hong Kong, South Korea, and Japanese medicinal materials markets
1.Hong Kong medicinal materials market
In 2005, Hong Kong imported US $ 173 million of Chinese medicine from the mainland, accounting for 20.8% of the total Chinese medicine exports from the mainland. Hong Kong's medicinal material distribution center is located in Gaosheng Street, Hong Kong. It is an important port for the wholesale and import and export of medicinal materials in China. There are about 400 stores. Materials, the price is much higher than the domestic market. Many large domestic drug dealers went to Hong Kong to explore the international market.
Since the return of Hong Kong to the motherland, with the development and establishment of the country ’s opening-up policy, the Chinese herbal medicine market in Hong Kong has generally been classified into eight major trends: Foreign businessmen have switched to buying directly from the main producing areas of the Mainland, which has caused Hong Kong's export business to suffer a severe decline in sales, and its export sales have been sluggish. (2) It is obvious that the sales of traditional Chinese medicinal materials are mainly Hong Kong, so they are supplemented by a small number of traditional (authentic) wild Chinese medicinal materials, such as Cordyceps sinensis, wild sky, snow clams, bamboo bees, snow lotus, and small earthen herbs. There are fewer re-exports of varieties, but because of the small resources of wild medicinal materials, protection policies have been implemented in recent years, and re-exports have been rare. (3) Authors of Chinese medicinal materials have gradually begun to sigh, and "guns and knives" have released Ma Nanshan. Hong Kong's large households control the supply of goods, which has stabilized the market price of Hong Kong medicinal materials. Rising and falling rarely. Most varieties that have risen or fallen sharply follow the price in the Mainland. (4) The business strategy of Chinese medicinal materials distributors has been more reduced to fast sales. . (5) Due to the thin profit and high cost of making medicinal materials, it is difficult to do business, and it is increasing to switch to other people. (6) Due to the high cost and high cost of processing Chinese medicinal materials, the processing of Chinese herbal medicine decoction pieces is converted to in-situ processing in the Mainland ( 7) The number of Chinese herbal medicine shops who have gone directly to the Mainland (Shenzhen, Guangzhou) to purchase Chinese herbal medicines has continued to increase, which has led to the decline of business of large Chinese herbal medicine merchants in Hong Kong. (8) Due to the strong sales of Chinese medicinal materials in the Pearl River Delta, many precious medicinal materials such as Cordyceps sinensis often appear in the Pearl River Delta at a price higher than the Hong Kong market price, making Hong Kong medicinal materials back to Guangzhou and other places.
At present, the Hong Kong government is stepping up its efforts to build Hong Kong into a Chinese medicine port. Many investment businesses have invested heavily in the construction of a Chinese medicine port. I believe that in the near future, Hong Kong will become China's largest export port for Chinese medicine.
2.Jingdong medicinal materials market in Seoul, South Korea
It is estimated that South Korea needs approximately 30,000 tons of Chinese medicinal materials each year, and South Korea has been one of the major markets for Chinese medicinal materials in China. In 2005, South Korean imports of Chinese medicinal materials from mainland China totaled 78.95 million US dollars, accounting for 9.5% of China's Chinese medicine exports, ranking China's fourth largest export market. The Chinese medicinal materials imported from South Korea are mainly produced with little or no local production, including pueraria, chrysanthemum, licorice, cinnamon sticks, cinnamon bark, ageratum, antlers, antler, peach kernel, ephedra, pinellia, poria, aconite, jujube kernel, bezoar, Cinnamon, Poria, Qin peel, Almond, Coptis chinensis, Cork, Magnolia, Angelica and anticancer herbs.
Located in Jieji-dong, Dongdaemun, Seoul's Gyeongdong Medicinal Materials Market was built in the 1950s and is one of the largest specialized wholesale markets for medicinal materials in South Korea. It covers an area of about 235 thousand square meters and has gathered more than 400 Korean importers and exporters of Chinese medicinal materials. It accounts for more than 90% of Korean importers and exporters of Chinese medicinal materials. It manages more than 300 types of medicinal materials imported from China and Korean ginseng produced in Korea. More than 70% of the Chinese medicinal materials required in the market are distributed here. Since 1997, the Jingdong medicinal material market has become one of the largest transit ports for Chinese medicinal materials exported to Europe and the United States. The price of medicinal materials is several times or even dozens of times the Chinese market. For example, the price of licorice oblique tablets, the export price of oblique tablets in China is 25. It is about RMB / kg, and it is sold at RMB 80 / kg in Jingdong market. The price of Chinese ginseng in the Jingdong market is not high, but Korean domestic ginseng is 10 times the price of Chinese ginseng. Koreans pay special attention to protecting the brand of Korean ginseng, and generally foreigners are not allowed to visit their plantations, let alone. Visit its processing plant.
In addition to JD.com's medicinal material market, Busan also has a large medicinal material market with similar varieties to the JD.com market. The establishment of the Korean medicinal material market has opened a broad path for the export of Chinese medicinal materials, and has also taken a step forward for China's important exports to the European and American markets.
3. Japanese Traditional Chinese Medicine Market
Japan produces 50 thousand tons of Chinese medicinal materials every year. About 95% of Japanese herbal medicines are imported (mainly from China). In recent years, due to the rapid development of the production of Hanfang preparations, the consumption of traditional Chinese medicinal materials has increased by tens of times, and has continued to rise. Such as Dihuang Wan, the main ingredients of Dihuang, yam, pod meat, peony skin, Alisma, and other Chinese medicinal materials have an annual demand of more than 100 tons.
In 2005, China's Chinese medicine exports to Japan amounted to US $ 167 million, accounting for 20.1% of China's total Chinese medicine exports that year, ranking second in China's Chinese medicine export market. At present, there are nearly 100 kinds of products that can be directly produced, imported or repackaged by the Chinese side and sold in Japan on the Japanese market. Quanda Bu Wan, Shouwu Yanshou Tablets, etc .; drugs for treating common diseases such as Huatuo Cream, Tianjin Ganmao Tablets, Biyuan Pill, Huai Jiao Pills, Ma Xing Zhi Ke Pills, etc. However, there is a lack of proprietary Chinese medicines effective for difficult conditions.
two, Investigation on the status of traditional Chinese medicinal planting in northern areas
( A ) Production and market status of Chinese medicinal materials in China
Since 2003, we have conducted in-depth investigations on Chinese medicinal material producing areas and Chinese medicinal material markets, and have seen the true situation of Chinese medicinal material production and market in China.
Gansu Province is one of the earlier provinces that researched and promoted the cultivation of Ural licorice. After investigation and comprehensive statistics, the current area of Gansu Province ’s uricuric licorice is as follows:
About 1,000 acres in Guazhou, about 1,500 acres in Jiuquan; about 500 acres in Hydrology 3 team; about 2,000 acres in Dunhuang; 500-1000 acres in Chijin Lake in Yumen; about 2,000 acres in Huan County; about 2,000 acres in Linxia; and about 5,000 acres in Dingxi and Longxi; About 3,000 acres of Baiyin and Jingtai; about 3,000 acres of Zhangye; about 2,000 acres of Jinta Healthland Bay and about 1,000 acres of new land; the total planting area is about 23,000 acres, about 30% of which have been dug out in the autumn of 2005 and the land area is less than 15,000 acres . In 2006, the planting area was 15,000 mu, about 30,000 mu in total.
According to our incomplete statistics, the area of Ural Gan grassland in other parts of the country is:
About 20,000 acres in Xinjiang; about 20,000 acres in Ningxia; about 30,000 acres in Inner Mongolia; about 10,000 acres in the three northeastern provinces; about 10,000 acres in Shandong, Shanxi, and Shaanxi; and about 5,000 acres in Henan, Hebei, and Beijing.
As of October 2006, the land area of Ural licorice nationwide was less than 125,000 acres. Based on 2-3 years of harvesting, the average output per acre was calculated as 300 kg. 120,000 acres were harvested in three years. The market is about 9,000 tons. However, China's exports and demand each year amount to about 60,000 tons, with a large gap. If the relevant government departments in 2007 do not introduce a new encouragement policy for the cultivation of medicinal materials and are still keen to engage in "GAP" certification and GMP certification, the price of licorice will skyrocket after 2007, and it will prompt farmers to dig limited wild licorice. The ecological environment will further deteriorate.
Angelica is a traditional authentic medicinal material in Gansu Province. According to estimates, the actual area of Angelica's land deposit is less than 100,000 acres, and it is harvested once every two years. About 50,000 acres can be mined annually to meet the market requirements. The current equivalent is about 7 yuan / kg.
The area of Astragalus is also below 30,000 acres. It is harvested in 2-3 years. The current price is low and the people have no incentive to plant. The current blend is equivalent to 4-5 yuan / kg.
4 , Codonopsis
Codonopsis spp. Is estimated to be less than 50,000 acres and harvested within two years. At present, the market price has been reduced to the lowest. Mixed equivalent is 7-8 yuan / kg.
5 , salvia
The storage status of salvia miltiorrhiza planted in 7 districts and counties around Shangluo City of Shaanxi at the end of 2005 is as follows:
About 3,000 acres in Shanyang County; about 1,000 acres in Huangshui; about 3,000 acres in Shangzhou District; about 1,000 acres in Danfeng; about 500 acres in Shangnan; Investigations in Shandong, Henan, and Hebei totaled about 50,000 mu.
6 , turmeric
The land deposit of Huangjiang in Shaanxi is roughly as follows: Danfeng and Shanyang: 4000-5000 mu; Shangzhou: 3000-4000 mu; Other districts and counties: about 2000 mu, total: 9000-12000 mu. About 50,000 acres of land exist in Shanxi and Henan. The price is 1-1.5 yuan / kg.
7 , Banlangen
Banlangen has been dug in 2005, and the price is 1.8-2.2 yuan / kg. In the spring of 2006, the area planted in the country was estimated to be less than 50,000 mu. In 2006, the price rose to 5-7 yuan / kg.
8 , North Chaihu
Because the price of Bupleurum in 2004 was only 6-7 yuan / kg, which was not enough cost, the area planted in 2005 was about 5,000-6000 mu; some medicinal farmers had destroyed medicine and grain. In 2006, the area of Chaihu still did not recover, and the price rose to 10-12 yuan.
9. Dampi Dampi is about 15,000 mu;
1 0 There are about 20,000 acres of platycodon.
11 , Dihuang Rehmannia glutinosa is deposited in about 2-3 million mu.
12 , Polygala Polygala has an area of about 5,000 acres.
13.Scutellaria baicalensis There are about 3-4 acres of land in Huanghua.
According to incomplete statistics, at the end of 2006, the area of bulk medicinal materials in northern China should be less than 1 million mu, which has fallen to the lowest point in history. In normal years, the area of Chinese medicinal materials is about 3-7 million mu.